Silica Sand. Premixed sand and fibre available upon request.

Silica Sand

High-quality equestrian grade silica sand should be sub-angular in grain shape, with a low clay and silt content. These important characteristics help to create a firm and highly stable arena surface, whilst also reducing dust and facilitating effective drainage. Using a silica sand that is not suitable for equestrian use is likely to result in an unsuccessful riding arena surface. Sand with a rounded grain shape is unable to compact sufficiently and creates a manège surface that rides deep; this greatly increases the risk of fatigue and injury to your horse.

The correct sand is only one component to any successful riding arena. Unsuitable as a stand-alone surface, we strongly recommend combining your equestrian sand with  one of our fibre surfaces.

Sand Selection

Sand is the most important ingredient for an equestrian surface. Sand qualities will greatly affect the performance of your surface, such as being tight, loose, or just right; soft or hard; and how much dust is produced.
We have listed 3 key qualities to help you understand how different sands could affect your surface.
By understanding these characteristics you will be able to determine the proper sand and particle size for adding additives, improving an existing surface or building a new arena.

Sand is classified by its size, rather than what type of mineral it is. Sand sizes range from 4.76 to 0.074 mm. It is smaller than gravel and larger than silt/clay.
This is the representation of different sized particles. When particles are all the same size (a), the sand remains loose, may become shifty, or feel deep. Sand with little variation in differing sizes (b) will separate and become packed on the bottom and loose on top. A happy medium range of large to small particles (c) will help keep your footing firm, but not compacted.

The type of mineral affects how the sand particles will hold up over time. When sand particles become small enough they turn into dust and become airborne. Quartz and Silica are commonly used for horse arenas because the hardness of the particle.

This affects how the grains nest together, which affects stability underfoot. Round particles create voids and offer cushioning. However, they are typically unstable and can roll like ball bearings, decreasing stability and traction. Angular particles have sharp edges and fit together tightly. This provides stability and traction, but angular particles can compact and become hard. Sub-angular particles have the sharp edges worn off. They will nest while still allowing some movement. This lessens compaction and provides traction.

Sand is the key ingredient in all good arena footing; however, not every kind of sand is suitable for all riding arenas. Choosing the wrong sand can create problems and be very expensive over time. We recommend combining our surfaces with silica sand.

Equestrian Surface


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Chamber of Commerce 83136843
VAT NL862744957801 / KVK 83136843 / RSIN 862744957

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Official distributor of BM Horse products